Background: Although secondary cardiovascular prevention is a focus among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary artery disease (CAD) or peripheral artery disease (PAD), the application of guideline-recommended therapy in T2D patients and isolated cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) remains unknown. Methods: In a US outpatient registry, T2D patients with established cardiovascular disease from 2014-2018 were categorized as: isolated CeVD, CeVD plus CAD or PAD, or isolated CAD/PAD. In each group, we determined the proportion with optimal secondary prevention (hemoglobin [Hb]A1C <8%, blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg, use of antithrombotics, use of statins, non-smoking/cessation counseling, and use of glucose-lowering medications with cardioprotective effects (sodium-glucose cotransporter [SGLT]-2 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide [GLP]-1 receptor agonists, thiazolidinediones [TZDs]). Hierarchical Poisson regression was used to estimate relative rate of achieving each target across groups, adjusted for age and chronic kidney disease (where relevant). Results: Our study included 727,467 T2D outpatients with cardiovascular disease (isolated CeVD [n = 99,777], CeVD plus CAD/PAD [n = 158,361], isolated CAD/PAD [n = 469,329]). Compared with isolated CAD/PAD patients, isolated CeVD patients more often had an HbA1c <8% (adjusted relative risk [aRR] 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-1.11) but less often had a blood pressure of ≤130/80 mm Hg (aRR 0.93; 95% CI, 0.92-0.94) or were prescribed antithrombotics (0.84; 95% CI, 0.83-0.85), statins (0.86; 95% CI, 0.85-0.87), GLP-1 agonists (0.75; 95% CI, 0.73-0.78), SGLT2 inhibitors (0.73; 95% CI, 0.71-0.76), and TZDs (aRR 0.76; 95% CI, 0.73-0.78). Conclusion: Among T2D patients, those with isolated CeVD had the lowest rates of secondary cardiovascular prevention goals attainment. More focus is needed on secondary prevention in patients with CeVD.
- Cardiovascular disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas