Quality of life and psychiatric comorbidity in Indian migraine patients: A headache clinic sample

Kartavya Sharma, Rahul Remanan, Sumit Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There is a lack of data from India on the impact of migraine on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the extent of psychiatric co-morbidities in migraine. Objective: The objectives of the study were to quantify the impairment in HRQoL in migraine patients compared to healthy controls, to compare the prevalence of clinically significant anxiety and depressive symptoms in these groups, and to identify patient and headache characteristics that may predict health-related quality of life. Materials and Methods: We interviewed 71 consecutive newly diagnosed migraine patients seen in the headache clinic of a tertiary referral center between September and December 2008. Age- and sex-matched healthy subjects (n = 71) were used as controls. Short Form-36, Migraine Disability Assessment Score, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered. Predictors of HRQoL were identified using regression analysis. Results: Migraineurs were significantly impaired in all subscales of the SF-36 compared to controls, with greatest impairments in role physical, general health, and role emotional subscales. Prevalence of clinically significant anxiety (48%) and depressive (41%) symptoms in patients was higher than in healthy controls. Female gender, headache-related disability, and severity of anxiety predicted worse Physical Component Summary scores, while severity of both anxiety and depressive symptoms predicted worse Mental Component Summary scores. Conclusion: HRQoL is significantly reduced in Indian migraine patients compared to healthy controls. Incidence of clinically significant anxiety and depressive symptoms is also much higher in these patients. These findings corroborate well with studies from other parts of the world and suggest that cultural differences do not significantly alter the subjective impact of migraine on quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-359
Number of pages5
JournalNeurology India
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • depression
  • HADS
  • migraine
  • quality of life
  • SF-36

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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