Quantification of Nocturnal Blood Pressure Oscillations Induced by Sleep Disordered Breathing

Yao Shun Chuang, Mahrshi B. Jani, Armin Soltan Zadi, Raichel M. Alex, Rong Zhang, Donald E. Watenpaugh, Khosrow Behbehani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present an approach to quantifying nocturnal blood pressure (BP) variations that are elicited by sleep disordered breathing (SDB). A sample-by-sample aggregation of the dynamic BP variations during normal breathing and BP oscillations prompted by apnea episodes is performed. This approach facilitates visualization and analysis of BP oscillations. Preliminary results from analysis of a full night study of 7 SDB subjects (5 Male 2 Female, 52±5.6 yrs., Body Mass Index 36.4±7.4 kg/m2, Apnea-Hypopnea Index 69.1±26.8) are presented. Aggregate trajectory and quantitative values for changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) concomitant with obstructive apnea episodes are presented. The results show 19.4 mmHg (15.3%) surge in SBP and 9.4 mmHg (13.6%) surge in DBP compared to their respective values during normal breathing (p<0.05). Further, the peak of the surge in SBP and DBP occurred about 9s and 7s, respectively, post the end of apnea events. The return of SBP and DBP to baseline values displays a decaying oscillatory pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2784-2787
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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