System consisting of a number of trapped atoms evolving under the influence of external inhomogenous magnetic field undergoes spin dephasing: classically, since each atom feels different field along its trajectory, the spin rotation rates differ; as a result the average spin decays. In a quantum mechanical context this corresponds to entanglement of spin and spatial degrees of freedom and nontrivial internal spin dynamics. The spin dephasing can be prevented by tuning the interaction between the atoms. This phenomenon, called spin self-rephasing, has been observed experimentally and can increase the coherence time by a large factor. While such systems have been studied from a semiclassical point of view, a quantum mechanical description is limited, especially in the case of entangled states. In this work we provide a numerical simulation of an ab initio model and provide realistic examples of spin self-rephasing used to counteract the effect of inhomogenous magnetic field. We analyze in particular the joint effect of magnetic field inhomogeneity and interactions on the coherent and spin squeezed states evolution.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jul 25 2019|
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