Radiation doses and image quality of abdominal CT scans at different patient sizes using spectral detector CT scanner: a phantom and clinical study

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare radiation dose and image quality for abdominal CTs performed on a spectral detector CT (SDCT) and a comparable single-energy conventional CT scanner for patients of different sizes. Methods: Four semi-anthropomorphic phantoms were scanned on an SDCT (IQon, Philips Healthcare) and a comparable single-energy CT (iCT 256, Philips Healthcare) under matched scan parameters. Image noise and radiation dose were compared. For the HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved retrospective cohort patient study, radiation dose was compared after adjusting for patient water equivalent diameter. Difference in subjective and objective image quality was assessed on a subset of 50 patients scanned on both scanners by two readers. Results: CTDIvol and noise from SDCT were higher than conventional CT for all phantoms, with a relative difference of 7.8% (range 5.3–14%) for radiation dose and average difference of 9.0% (range 5.5–11%) for noise. 718 SDCT and 937 conventional CT patients were included in the patient study. CTDIvol for SDCT patients tends to be lower for smaller patients (− 2%, 95% confidence interval (− 5%, − 0.2%) for 200 mm water equivalent diameter) and higher for larger patients compared to conventional CT (8%, (6%, 11%) for 400 mm). No difference was seen for subjective image quality, SNR, CNR, or image noise between the two scanners, except for higher image noise in the portal vein and higher signal in the aorta on SDCT. Conclusion: Radiation dose for abdominal CT performed on SDCT is similar to the dose on a conventional CT for average size patients, lower for smaller patients, and slightly higher for larger patients. Image quality is similar between the two scanners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAbdominal Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2019

Keywords

  • Abdomen
  • Imaging
  • Phantoms
  • Radiation dosage
  • Tomography
  • X-ray computed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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