Acute phase after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is associated with several metabolic derangements including stress-induced hyperglycemia (SIH). The present study is designed to identify objective radiological determinants for SIH to better understand its contributory role in clinical outcomes after aSAH. A computer-aided detection tool was used to segment admission computed tomography (CT) images of aSAH patients to estimate intracranial blood and cerebrospinal fluid volumes. Modified Graeb score (mGS) was used as a semi-quantitative measure to estimate degree of hydrocephalus. The relationship between glycemic gap (GG) determined SIH, mGS, and estimated intracranial blood and cerebrospinal fluid volumes were evaluated using linear regression. Ninety-four [94/187 (50.3%)] among the study cohort had SIH (defined as GG > 26.7 mg/dl). Patients with SIH had 14.3 ml/1000 ml more intracranial blood volume as compared to those without SIH [39.6 ml (95% confidence interval, CI, 33.6 to 45.5) vs. 25.3 ml (95% CI 20.6 to 29.9), p = 0.0002]. Linear regression analysis of mGS with GG showed each unit increase in mGS resulted in 1.2 mg/dl increase in GG [p = 0.002]. Patients with SIH had higher mGS [median 4.0, interquartile range, IQR 2.0–7.0] as compared to those without SIH [median 2.0, IQR 0.0–6.0], p = 0.002. Patients with third ventricular blood on admission CT scan were more likely to develop SIH [67/118 (56.8%) vs. 27/69 (39.1%), p = 0.023]. Hence, the present study, using unbiased SIH definition and objective CT scan parameters, reports “dose-dependent” radiological features resulting in SIH. Such findings allude to a brain injury-stress response-neuroendocrine axis in etiopathogenesis of SIH.
- Delayed cerebral ischemia
- Hemorrhagic stroke
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine