The use of radiosurgery for angiographically occult vascular malformations (AOVMs) is a controversial treatment option for those that are surgically inaccessible or located in eloquent brain. To determine the efficacy of this treatment, the authors reviewed the literature reporting hemorrhage rates, seizure control, and radiation-induced morbidity. They found overall hemorrhage rates of 2-6.4%, overall postradiosurgery hemorrhage rates of 1.6-8%, and stratified postradiosurgery hemorrhage rates of 7.3-22.4% in the period immediately to 2 years after treatment; these latter rates declined to 0.8-5.2% > 2 years after treatment. Of 291 patients presenting with seizure across 16 studies, 89 (31%) attained a seizure-free status and 102 (35%) had a reduction in seizure frequency after radiosurgery. Overall radiation-induced morbidity ranged from 2.5 to 59%, with higher complication rates in patients with brainstem lesion locations. Researchers applying mean radiation doses of 15-16.2 Gy to the tumor margin saw both low radiation-induced complication rates (0-9.1%) and adequate hemorrhage control (0.8-5.2% > 2 years after treatment), whereas mean doses >or= 16.5 Gy were associated with higher total radiation-induced morbidity rates (> 17%). Although the use of stereotactic radiosurgery remains controversial, patients with AOVMs located in surgically inaccessible areas of the brain may benefit from such treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology