We studied 30 children with tinea capitis and kerion to define the epidemiology of the disease and to compare the efficacy of intralesional steroid injection and griseofulvin to griseofulvin alone for treatment of this disorder. Patients ranged in age from 1 year to 12 years, 1 month (mean, 5 years, 7 months). All patients were black and 23 (77%) were female. (The racial composition of our clinic population is 45% black, 18% Latin American, 34% Caucasian and 3% Asian.) Fungus cultures were positive in all but one patient and Trichophyton tonsurans was isolated from 26 of 30 (87%) of the pretreatment hair cultures. Direct microscopic examinations of KOH-treated hair samples were negative in 13 of 29 (43%) culture-positive patients. Patients were randomly assigned to receive intralesional steroid injection (2.5 mg) and griseofulvin (14 patients) or griseofulvin only (16 patients). The treatment groups were comparable with regard to age, sex, duration of lesions before treatment and type of lesions. There were no significant differences between the two treatment groups in the time to negative culture, time of onset of new hair growth, complete regrowth of hair and time to scalp clearing. We conclude that intralesional injection of corticosteroid is an unnecessary adjunct to therapy for patients with tinea capitis with kerion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases