We compared measurement of lactoferrin concentration by the LactoCard solid phase ELISA assay with the LactoPlate radial immunodiffusion assay in tears of normal patients and those with keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The LactoCard, a new lactoferrin assay, allows rapid determination of tear lactoferrin concentration in 10-15 min, a notable improvement over the 3 days required of the LactoPlate. There was no statistically significant difference between the accuracy of the two assays in normal patients nor in those patients with a diagnosis of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Both assays showed a significant decrease in tear lactoferrin concentration in patients with severe keratoconjunctivitis sicca when compared to normal patients. The LactoCard is a rapid and reliable means of measuring tear lactoferrin concentration in a clinical setting.
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
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