Rationale for investigation of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors in definitive treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer and head and neck cancer

Hak Choy, Dong Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Designing targeted therapies has become an important field in cancer therapeutics. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a molecular target that has gained immense attention as preclinical and clinical studies have supported its potential role for therapy of a variety of cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck (HN) cancer. Several compounds that specifically inhibit EGFR have been developed, including ZD1839, C225, and OSI-774. Interestingly, studies suggesting a potential role for EGFR inhibitors as an adjunct to the current combined-modality approach for therapy of NSCLC and HN cancer have been performed in the preclinical and clinical setting. Therefore, determining the potential of EGFR inhibitors to improve the efficacy of standard combined-modality regimens (chemotherapy/radiation therapy ± surgery) for NSCLC and HN cancer patients is of the utmost importance. An overview of the rationale and the ongoing/proposed studies aimed at determining the role for EGFR inhibitors in combination with radiation therapy for NSCLC and HN cancer patients will be presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-43
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume25
Issue numberSUPP. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • C225
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  • OSI-774
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor
  • ZD1839

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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