Readmissions of adults within three age groups following hospitalization for pneumonia: Analysis from the Nationwide Readmissions Database

Snigdha Jain, Rohan Khera, Eric M. Mortensen, Jonathan C. Weissler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background While 30-day readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia have been well-studied in the elderly, their burden in young adults remains poorly understood. Objective To study patterns of readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia across age groups and insurance payers. Methods In the Nationwide Readmission Database for the years 2013 and 2014 we identified all adults (18 years) discharged alive after a hospitalization with the primary diagnosis of pneumonia, and examined rates of readmissions within 30-days of discharge. Using covariates included in the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services risk-adjustment model for pneumonia readmissions in a multivariable regression model for survey data, we identified predictors of 30-day readmission. Results We identified 629,939 index pneumonia hospitalizations with a weighted estimate of 1,472,069 nationally. Overall, 16.2% of patients were readmitted within 30 days of their hospitalization for pneumonia, with 30-day readmission rates of 12.4% in the 18–44 year age-group, 16.1% in the 45–64 year age-group, and 16.7% in the 65-year age-group. In risk-adjusted analyses, compared with elderly, middle-aged adults were more likely to be readmitted (risk-adjusted OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03–1.07). Mean cost per readmission was also highest for this age group at $15,976. Conclusion Middle-aged adults experience substantial rates of 30-day readmission that are comparable to those over 65 years of age, with a higher cost per readmission event. Future efforts are needed to identify potential interventions to alleviate the high burden of pneumonia readmissions in middle-aged adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0203375
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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Hospitalization Insurance
pneumonia
Pneumonia
Age Groups
Databases
middle-aged adults
Hospitalization
Insurance
Costs
Risk Adjustment
Costs and Cost Analysis
insurance
Medicaid
Medicare
young adults
Young Adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{23a074a7ffd0483b807207d6219932cc,
title = "Readmissions of adults within three age groups following hospitalization for pneumonia: Analysis from the Nationwide Readmissions Database",
abstract = "Background While 30-day readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia have been well-studied in the elderly, their burden in young adults remains poorly understood. Objective To study patterns of readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia across age groups and insurance payers. Methods In the Nationwide Readmission Database for the years 2013 and 2014 we identified all adults (18 years) discharged alive after a hospitalization with the primary diagnosis of pneumonia, and examined rates of readmissions within 30-days of discharge. Using covariates included in the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services risk-adjustment model for pneumonia readmissions in a multivariable regression model for survey data, we identified predictors of 30-day readmission. Results We identified 629,939 index pneumonia hospitalizations with a weighted estimate of 1,472,069 nationally. Overall, 16.2{\%} of patients were readmitted within 30 days of their hospitalization for pneumonia, with 30-day readmission rates of 12.4{\%} in the 18–44 year age-group, 16.1{\%} in the 45–64 year age-group, and 16.7{\%} in the 65-year age-group. In risk-adjusted analyses, compared with elderly, middle-aged adults were more likely to be readmitted (risk-adjusted OR 1.05, 95{\%} CI 1.03–1.07). Mean cost per readmission was also highest for this age group at $15,976. Conclusion Middle-aged adults experience substantial rates of 30-day readmission that are comparable to those over 65 years of age, with a higher cost per readmission event. Future efforts are needed to identify potential interventions to alleviate the high burden of pneumonia readmissions in middle-aged adults.",
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T1 - Readmissions of adults within three age groups following hospitalization for pneumonia

T2 - Analysis from the Nationwide Readmissions Database

AU - Jain, Snigdha

AU - Khera, Rohan

AU - Mortensen, Eric M.

AU - Weissler, Jonathan C.

PY - 2018/9/1

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N2 - Background While 30-day readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia have been well-studied in the elderly, their burden in young adults remains poorly understood. Objective To study patterns of readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia across age groups and insurance payers. Methods In the Nationwide Readmission Database for the years 2013 and 2014 we identified all adults (18 years) discharged alive after a hospitalization with the primary diagnosis of pneumonia, and examined rates of readmissions within 30-days of discharge. Using covariates included in the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services risk-adjustment model for pneumonia readmissions in a multivariable regression model for survey data, we identified predictors of 30-day readmission. Results We identified 629,939 index pneumonia hospitalizations with a weighted estimate of 1,472,069 nationally. Overall, 16.2% of patients were readmitted within 30 days of their hospitalization for pneumonia, with 30-day readmission rates of 12.4% in the 18–44 year age-group, 16.1% in the 45–64 year age-group, and 16.7% in the 65-year age-group. In risk-adjusted analyses, compared with elderly, middle-aged adults were more likely to be readmitted (risk-adjusted OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03–1.07). Mean cost per readmission was also highest for this age group at $15,976. Conclusion Middle-aged adults experience substantial rates of 30-day readmission that are comparable to those over 65 years of age, with a higher cost per readmission event. Future efforts are needed to identify potential interventions to alleviate the high burden of pneumonia readmissions in middle-aged adults.

AB - Background While 30-day readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia have been well-studied in the elderly, their burden in young adults remains poorly understood. Objective To study patterns of readmissions following hospitalization for pneumonia across age groups and insurance payers. Methods In the Nationwide Readmission Database for the years 2013 and 2014 we identified all adults (18 years) discharged alive after a hospitalization with the primary diagnosis of pneumonia, and examined rates of readmissions within 30-days of discharge. Using covariates included in the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services risk-adjustment model for pneumonia readmissions in a multivariable regression model for survey data, we identified predictors of 30-day readmission. Results We identified 629,939 index pneumonia hospitalizations with a weighted estimate of 1,472,069 nationally. Overall, 16.2% of patients were readmitted within 30 days of their hospitalization for pneumonia, with 30-day readmission rates of 12.4% in the 18–44 year age-group, 16.1% in the 45–64 year age-group, and 16.7% in the 65-year age-group. In risk-adjusted analyses, compared with elderly, middle-aged adults were more likely to be readmitted (risk-adjusted OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03–1.07). Mean cost per readmission was also highest for this age group at $15,976. Conclusion Middle-aged adults experience substantial rates of 30-day readmission that are comparable to those over 65 years of age, with a higher cost per readmission event. Future efforts are needed to identify potential interventions to alleviate the high burden of pneumonia readmissions in middle-aged adults.

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