Receptors with low affinity for neurosteroids and GABA contribute to tonic inhibition of granule cells in epileptic animals

Karthik Rajasekaran, Suchitra Joshi, Chengsan Sun, Zakaria Mtchedlishvilli, Jaideep Kapur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurosteroid sensitivity of GABAA receptor mediated inhibition of the hippocampal dentate granule cells (DGCs) is reduced in animal models of temporal lobe epilepsy. However, the properties and subunit composition of GABAA receptors mediating tonic inhibition in DGCs of epileptic animals have not been described. In the DGCs of epileptic animals, allopregnanolone and L-655708 sensitivity of holding current was diminished and δ subunit was retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and its surface expression was decreased the in the hippocampus. Ro15-4513 and lanthanum had distinct effects on holding current recorded from DGCs of control and epileptic animals suggesting that the pharmacological properties of GABAA receptors maintaining tonic inhibition in DGCs of epileptic animals were similar α4ΒxΓ2 subunits. Furthermore, surface expression of the α4 subunit increased and a larger fraction of the subunit co-immunoprecipitated with theΓ2 subunit in hippocampi of epileptic animals. Together, these studies revealed that functional αα4ΒxΓ and α5ΒxΓ2 receptors were reduced in the hippocampi of epileptic animals and that novel α4bxΓ2 receptors contributed to the maintenance of tonic inhibition. The presence of α4ΒxΓ2 receptors resulted in low GABA affinity and neurosteroid sensitivity of tonic currents in the DGCs of epileptic animals that could potentially increase seizure vulnerability. These receptors may represent a novel therapeutic target for anticonvulsant drugs without sedative actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-501
Number of pages12
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • Dentate granule cells
  • GABA-A receptor
  • Neurosteroids
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Tonic inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Receptors with low affinity for neurosteroids and GABA contribute to tonic inhibition of granule cells in epileptic animals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this