Recombinant IL 2 but not recombinant interferon-γ stimulates both proliferation and IgM secretion in a Ly-1+ clone of neoplastic murine B cells (BCL1)

K. H. Brooks, E. S. Vitetta

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have used a lymphokine-responsive clone (3B3) of B leukemia cells (BCL1) to examine the effects of several recombinant and purified lymphokines. Cells from BCL1-3B3 were induced to secrete IgM in the presence of recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL 2) (10 to 50 U/ml); a concomitant increase in proliferation was observed. Recombinant interferon-γ (rIFN-γ) was a potent inhibitor of proliferation. In addition, rIFN-γ did not induce an increase in IgM secretion and, when added to rIL 2-stimulated BCL1-3B3 cells, completely blocked IgM secretion at a concentration of 10 U/ml. Purified and recombinant IL 1 (rIL 1) had no significant effect on differentiation either alone or in combination with rIL 2 and/or rIFN-γ. However, rIL 1 was able to synergize with rIL 2 in enhancing the proliferation of BCL1-3B3. The ability of cells to respond to rIL 2 was limited to the in vitro (Ly-1+) clones of BCL1 cells since the in vivo derived (Ly-1-) BCL1 cells did not differentiate in response to IL 2. Consistent with their functional response to rIL 2, cells from the in vitro clone (3B3) are IL 2-receptor-positive (IL-2R+) and the in vivo derived BCL1 cells are IL-2R-. A second set of neoplastic B cell clones derived from the AKR 225 lymphoma did not respond to rIL 2 even though they expressed receptors for IL 2 and could be induced by T cell supernatant to secrete IgM, thus indicating that expression of IL 2R is not the sole requirement for IL 2 responsiveness. The monoclonal anti-IL 2R antibody (7D4) mimicked IL 2 in its ability to stimulate differentiation of BCL1-3B3 cells. These data suggest that rIL 2 and the monoclonal anti-IL-2R antibody are capable of inducing a differentiative response in the Ly-1+ BCL1-3B3 cells that is functionally equivalent to the response evoked by the previously described lymphokine B cell differentiation factor for IgM (BCDFμ). Thus, two distinct lymphokines appear to be providing a similar signal to a clonal neoplastic B cell population. Furthermore, rIL 2 is capable of providing both a proliferative and a differentiative signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3205-3210
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume137
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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