We describe the reconstitution using purified proteins of the m1 muscarinic cholinergic pathway that activates phosphatidylinositol 4,5- bisphosphate-specific phospholipase C via the G protein G(q/11). Recombinant m1 muscarinic receptor was co-reconstituted in lipid vesicles with either hepatic G(q/11) or with cerebral α(q/11) and βγ subunits. The rate of [35S]GTPγS binding to the reconstituted vesicles was stimulated 20-50-fold by agonist. Maximal receptor-catalyzed binding was 7 mol of GTPγS bound per mol of receptor. The m2 muscarinic receptor was a poor activator of G(q/11). The binding of [α-32P]GTP and [γ-32P]GTP to m1/G(q/11) vesicles indicated that the receptor could maintain up to 40% of the total coupled G(q/11) in the GTP bound state. The rate of hydrolysis of bound GTP, 0.8 min-1, is consistent with the rate predicted from the GTP binding data but is 3-5-fold lower than rates reported for other trimeric G proteins. Agonist- stimulated photoaffinity labeling with γ-(4-azidoanilido)-[α-32P]GTP indicated that the receptor catalyzed binding to both α(q) and α11 with about equal efficiency. Receptor-catalyzed activation of G(q/11) by GTPγS, measured as the ability to activate purified phospholipase C-β1, paralleled receptor-catalyzed [35S]GTPγS binding. Co-reconstitution of receptor, G(q/11), and phospholipase C-β1 restored GTPγS-dependent carbachol- stimulated hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. The m1 receptor, G(q/11), and phospholipase C-β1 are thus sufficient to initiate the hormonal inositol trisphosphate/diacylglycerol signaling pathway without additional proteins.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology