Reconstitution of LDL with lipophilic fluorescein derivatives: Quantitative analysis of the receptor activity of human lymphocytes

Monty Krieger, Y. K. Ho, J R Falck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low density lipoprotein (LDL), the major cholesterol transport protein in human plasma, consists of an apolar core of cholesteryl esters surrounded by a polar shell containing phospho-lipids, unesterified cholesterol and protein. In the current paper we report the absorption and fluorescence spectra of members of a new class of lipophilic fluorescein derivatives which were designed to be reconstituted into the core of LDL in place of the native cholesteryl esters. One of these derivates, cholesteryl 12-0-[methyl 3-0-methyl-5′6′carboxyfluorescein]ricinoleyl carbonate (MMC) was reconstituted into the core of LDL. The resultant fluorescent reconstituted LDL was used in conjunction with flow cytometry to quantify the LDL receptor activity of fresh blood lymphocytes derived from normal individuals and from patients with the heterozygous and homozygous forms of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). The LDL receptor activities of the heterozygous and homozygous FH lymphocytes were approximately 37% and 1% of normal, respectively. LDL reconstituted with these lipophilic fluorescein derivatives will be valuable in studying LDL metabolism and may be useful for the diagnosis of FH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-375
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Receptors and Signal Transduction
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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