Reconstitution of leucine-mediated autophagy via the mTORC1-Barkor pathway in vitro

Xianghua Yan, Qiming Sun, An Ji, Yaqin Zhu, Zhengfei Liu, Qing Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supplementation of branched chain amino acids, especially leucine, is critical to improve malnutrition by regulating protein synthesis and degradation. Emerging evidence has linked leucine deprivation induced protein breakdown to autophagy. In this study, we aimed to establish a cell-free assay recapitulating leucine-mediated autophagy in vitro and dissect its biochemical requirement. We found that in a cell-free assay, membrane association of Barkor/Atg14(L), a specific autophagosome-binding protein, is suppressed by cytosol from nutrient-rich medium and such suppression is released by nutrient deprivation. We also showed that rapamycin could efficiently reverse the suppression of nutrient rich cytosol, suggesting an essential role of mTORC1 in autophagy inhibition in this cell free system. Furthermore, we demonstrated that leucine supplementation in the cultured cells blocks Barkor puncta formation and autophagy activity. Hence, we establish a novel cell-free assay recapitulating leucine-mediated autophagy inhibition in an mTORC1-dependent manner; this assay will help us to dissect the regulation of amino acids in autophagy and related human metabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAutophagy
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Fingerprint

Autophagy
Leucine
Food
Cytosol
Branched Chain Amino Acids
Cell-Free System
Metabolic Diseases
Sirolimus
Malnutrition
Proteolysis
In Vitro Techniques
mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1
Cultured Cells
Carrier Proteins
Amino Acids
Membranes
Proteins

Keywords

  • Autophagosome
  • Autophagy
  • Barkor/Atg14(L)
  • LC3
  • P62
  • PtdIns3K/Vps34
  • Rapamycin
  • Rubicon
  • S6K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Reconstitution of leucine-mediated autophagy via the mTORC1-Barkor pathway in vitro. / Yan, Xianghua; Sun, Qiming; Ji, An; Zhu, Yaqin; Liu, Zhengfei; Zhong, Qing.

In: Autophagy, Vol. 8, No. 2, 02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yan, Xianghua ; Sun, Qiming ; Ji, An ; Zhu, Yaqin ; Liu, Zhengfei ; Zhong, Qing. / Reconstitution of leucine-mediated autophagy via the mTORC1-Barkor pathway in vitro. In: Autophagy. 2012 ; Vol. 8, No. 2.
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