This report updated an analysis of a 14-year experience of moderately high-dose (4500 to 5000 cGy) preoperative radiation as an adjuvant to low anterior resection of 95 cases of adenocarcinoma of the rectum. The treatment was well tolerated without treatment-related mortality and with a low incidence (5.2%) of severe complications. The local recurrence rate was 4.2%, and distant failure rate was 10.5%. At 5 years, the actuarial survival rate was 66% and the disease-free survival rate was 64%. At 10 years, the actuarial survival rate and disease-free survival rate were 52%. The authors concluded that moderately high-dose (4500 to 5000 cGy) neoadjuvant radiation in clinically resectable adenocarcinoma of the rectum in which one segment of the anastomosis was in the preoperative radiation field is a safe, effective adjuvant to low anterior resection and that it offered patients excellent local control, long-term survival, and sphincter preservation. Results could be enhanced by chemotherapy, and the authors urged well-designed prospective randomized multicenter trials to determine the most appropriate drugs, dosage, and sequencing of co-adjuvant preoperative radiation therapy and chemotherapy with surgery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research