Recurrence of clinical chorioamnionitis in subsequent pregnancies

Vanessa R. Laibl, Jeanne S. Sheffield, Scott Roberts, Donald D. McIntire, George D. Wendel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of clinical chorioamnionitis as an independent risk factor for recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy. METHOD: This was a historical cohort study of pregnant women who had their first and second deliveries at our institution between January 1988 and May 2005. The index pregnancy was restricted to those who delivered vaginally. Data were collected from a continuously updated obstetric database and included demographic and labor characteristics and neonatal outcomes. Chorioamnionitis was diagnosed clinically. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 23,397 women. During the index pregnancy, 10% of women developed chorioamnionitis. This group was significantly different from the rest of the cohort in terms of age, ethnicity, length of labor, epidural analgesia, use of internal monitors, and incidence of prolonged rupture of membranes. In the second pregnancy, 6% of those women again developed chorioamnionitis compared with 2% of women who did not have chorioamnionitis in the first pregnancy (odds ratio 2.93, 95% confidence interval 2.40-3.57). After adjusting for the above confounders, the increased risk of recurrence persisted (odds ratio 1.85, 95% confidence interval 1.49-2.30). CONCLUSION: Women delivering vaginally who were diagnosed with chorioamnionitis during their first pregnancy are at increased risk for chorioamnionitis in a subsequent pregnancy. This supports the concept that there may be a predisposition to chorioamnionitis that should be further investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1493-1497
Number of pages5
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume108
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Chorioamnionitis
Recurrence
Pregnancy
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Epidural Analgesia
Obstetrics
Pregnant Women
Rupture
Cohort Studies
Demography
Databases
Membranes
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Recurrence of clinical chorioamnionitis in subsequent pregnancies. / Laibl, Vanessa R.; Sheffield, Jeanne S.; Roberts, Scott; McIntire, Donald D.; Wendel, George D.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 108, No. 6, 12.2006, p. 1493-1497.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{046722885de347c0a149cf7220029b78,
title = "Recurrence of clinical chorioamnionitis in subsequent pregnancies",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of clinical chorioamnionitis as an independent risk factor for recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy. METHOD: This was a historical cohort study of pregnant women who had their first and second deliveries at our institution between January 1988 and May 2005. The index pregnancy was restricted to those who delivered vaginally. Data were collected from a continuously updated obstetric database and included demographic and labor characteristics and neonatal outcomes. Chorioamnionitis was diagnosed clinically. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 23,397 women. During the index pregnancy, 10{\%} of women developed chorioamnionitis. This group was significantly different from the rest of the cohort in terms of age, ethnicity, length of labor, epidural analgesia, use of internal monitors, and incidence of prolonged rupture of membranes. In the second pregnancy, 6{\%} of those women again developed chorioamnionitis compared with 2{\%} of women who did not have chorioamnionitis in the first pregnancy (odds ratio 2.93, 95{\%} confidence interval 2.40-3.57). After adjusting for the above confounders, the increased risk of recurrence persisted (odds ratio 1.85, 95{\%} confidence interval 1.49-2.30). CONCLUSION: Women delivering vaginally who were diagnosed with chorioamnionitis during their first pregnancy are at increased risk for chorioamnionitis in a subsequent pregnancy. This supports the concept that there may be a predisposition to chorioamnionitis that should be further investigated.",
author = "Laibl, {Vanessa R.} and Sheffield, {Jeanne S.} and Scott Roberts and McIntire, {Donald D.} and Wendel, {George D.}",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1097/01.AOG.0000247647.88489.b0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "108",
pages = "1493--1497",
journal = "Obstetrics and Gynecology",
issn = "0029-7844",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recurrence of clinical chorioamnionitis in subsequent pregnancies

AU - Laibl, Vanessa R.

AU - Sheffield, Jeanne S.

AU - Roberts, Scott

AU - McIntire, Donald D.

AU - Wendel, George D.

PY - 2006/12

Y1 - 2006/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of clinical chorioamnionitis as an independent risk factor for recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy. METHOD: This was a historical cohort study of pregnant women who had their first and second deliveries at our institution between January 1988 and May 2005. The index pregnancy was restricted to those who delivered vaginally. Data were collected from a continuously updated obstetric database and included demographic and labor characteristics and neonatal outcomes. Chorioamnionitis was diagnosed clinically. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 23,397 women. During the index pregnancy, 10% of women developed chorioamnionitis. This group was significantly different from the rest of the cohort in terms of age, ethnicity, length of labor, epidural analgesia, use of internal monitors, and incidence of prolonged rupture of membranes. In the second pregnancy, 6% of those women again developed chorioamnionitis compared with 2% of women who did not have chorioamnionitis in the first pregnancy (odds ratio 2.93, 95% confidence interval 2.40-3.57). After adjusting for the above confounders, the increased risk of recurrence persisted (odds ratio 1.85, 95% confidence interval 1.49-2.30). CONCLUSION: Women delivering vaginally who were diagnosed with chorioamnionitis during their first pregnancy are at increased risk for chorioamnionitis in a subsequent pregnancy. This supports the concept that there may be a predisposition to chorioamnionitis that should be further investigated.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of clinical chorioamnionitis as an independent risk factor for recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy. METHOD: This was a historical cohort study of pregnant women who had their first and second deliveries at our institution between January 1988 and May 2005. The index pregnancy was restricted to those who delivered vaginally. Data were collected from a continuously updated obstetric database and included demographic and labor characteristics and neonatal outcomes. Chorioamnionitis was diagnosed clinically. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 23,397 women. During the index pregnancy, 10% of women developed chorioamnionitis. This group was significantly different from the rest of the cohort in terms of age, ethnicity, length of labor, epidural analgesia, use of internal monitors, and incidence of prolonged rupture of membranes. In the second pregnancy, 6% of those women again developed chorioamnionitis compared with 2% of women who did not have chorioamnionitis in the first pregnancy (odds ratio 2.93, 95% confidence interval 2.40-3.57). After adjusting for the above confounders, the increased risk of recurrence persisted (odds ratio 1.85, 95% confidence interval 1.49-2.30). CONCLUSION: Women delivering vaginally who were diagnosed with chorioamnionitis during their first pregnancy are at increased risk for chorioamnionitis in a subsequent pregnancy. This supports the concept that there may be a predisposition to chorioamnionitis that should be further investigated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33845409655&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33845409655&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.AOG.0000247647.88489.b0

DO - 10.1097/01.AOG.0000247647.88489.b0

M3 - Article

VL - 108

SP - 1493

EP - 1497

JO - Obstetrics and Gynecology

JF - Obstetrics and Gynecology

SN - 0029-7844

IS - 6

ER -