Red blood cells: Reservoirs of cis- and trans-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids

Houli Jiang, John Quilley, L. Manmohan Reddy, John R. Falck, Patrick Y K Wong, John C. McGiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are candidate endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors that demonstrate a wide range of biological effects. The presence of both cis- and trans-EETs in rat plasma was identified with HPLC-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry in this study. The total EETs in plasma are 38.2 ng/ml with cis-EETs representing 21.4 ± 0.4 ng/ml and trans-EETs 16.8 ± 0.4 ng/ml. EETs in RBCs were estimated to be 20.2 ng/109 RBCs, which corresponds to 200 ng in RBCs contained in 1 ml blood. RBC incubation with 10 mM tert-butyl hydroperoxide resulted in 4.4-fold increase of total cis-EETs (from 9.2 to 40.2 ng/109 RBCs) and 5.5-fold increase of total trans-EETs (from 11.0 to 60.8 ng/109 RBCs). EETs were released (2 ng/ml) from RBCs after incubation at 37°C for 10 min even after being washed 3 times, indicating that RBCs are reservoirs of plasma EETs. The identification of cis- and trans-EETs in RBCs and in plasma as well as their release from RBCs suggest a vasoregulatory role of RBCs in view of their potent vasoactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-78
Number of pages14
JournalProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Volume75
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid
  • Peroxidation
  • Plasma
  • Red blood cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cell Biology

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