Until recently, Argonaute 2 (AGO2) and other RNA factors were believed to be restricted to the cytoplasm of mammalian somatic cells. It is now becoming appreciated that RNAi factors can also be found in cell nuclei, but much remains to be learned about their transport, molecular recognition, and function. We find that siRNA-mediated reduction of AGO1 or AGO2 increases the proportion of AGO1 or AGO2 in cell nuclei. Inhibition of AGO1 expression led to increased AGO2 levels, while knockdown of AGO2 led to increased levels of AGO1. Blocking AGO1, AGO2, or TRBP expression changed expression levels and nuclear distribution of RNAi factors Dicer, TNRC6A (GW182), and TRBP. These data reveal the expression of RNAi proteins is mutually dependent and that perturbation can affect subcellular distribution of those factors inside cells.
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