Reduced myocardial reflow and increased coronary vascular resistance following prolonged myocardial ischemia in the dog

J. T. Willerson, J. T. Watson, I. Hutton, G. H. Templeton, David E Fixler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies were performed to determine whether an alteration in coronary vascular resistance and a reduction in the reflow phenomenon occurred in the blood perfused heparinized canine heart after various periods of myocardial ischemia. Regional myocardial blood flow was measured with radioactive microspheres. Proximal left anterior descending coronary artery blood flow was measured with a periarterial flow transducer. Reduced reflow to the ischemic portion of the left ventricle and increased resistance in the left anterior descending coronary artery were present after 120 min of myocardial ischemia. The reduction in reflow was specific to the subendocardium of the ischemic area. Saline and isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil) did not prevent the increase in coronary vascular resistance or the significant reduction in reflow to the subendocardial portion of the ischemic area. Hypertonic mannitol given so as to increase serum osmolality 40 mosmoles/kg prevented the increase in coronary vascular resistance and modified the reduction in the reflow phenomenon to the subendocardial portion of the ischemic area. Thus, both an increase in coronary vascular resistance and a significant reduction in reflow to the subendocardial portion of the ischemic area occur in the canine heart after 120 min of myocardial ischemia. Moreover, the increase in coronary vascular resistance can be prevented and the reduction in reflow to the subendocardial portion of the ischemic area can be modified by the administration of hypertonic mannitol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-781
Number of pages11
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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