Reduction of prostate intrafractional motion from shortening the treatment time

Jin Sheng Li, Mu Han Lin, Mark K. Buyyounouski, Eric M. Horwitz, Chang Ming Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to quantify the reduction of the intrafractional motion when the prostate intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment time is shortened. Prostate intrafractional motion data recorded by the Calypso system for 105 patients was analyzed. Statistical distributions of the prostate displacements for the regular IMRT treatment and the first 1, 2, 3 and 5 min of the treatment were calculated and used for treatment margin estimation for all the selected patients. The treatment margins estimated for the first 1, 2, 3 and 5 min were compared with those for the regular IMRT treatment to quantify the reduction of the motion. If the treatment can be completed within 5 (3) min, the standard deviation of the prostate displacement could be reduced by up to 45% and the required treatment margins could be reduced to 1.2 (1.1), 0.9 (0.8), 2.2 (1.9), 1.9 (1.5), 1.9 (1.7) and 2.8 (2.4) mm from 1.5, 1.1, 2.8, 3.0, 2.4 and 3.9 mm in the left, right, superior, inferior, anterior and posterior directions, respectively. The same work was also performed for 19 of the 105 patients who exhibited the largest motion with 30% of their treatment time having 3D motion more than 3 mm. For this group of patients, the required margins change to 1.4 (1.2), 0.8 (0.8), 1.8 (1.6), 2.3 (1.8), 1.7 (1.5) and 3.4 (2.8) mm from 1.9, 1.2, 1.7, 3.7, 1.6 and 4.9 mm in the six directions when the treatment time is reduced to 5 (3) min. The intrafractional motion effects on prostate treatment are significantly smaller and the required margins can be therefore reduced when the treatment is shortened.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4921-4932
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume58
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2013

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Prostate
Therapeutics
Radiotherapy
Statistical Distributions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Reduction of prostate intrafractional motion from shortening the treatment time. / Li, Jin Sheng; Lin, Mu Han; Buyyounouski, Mark K.; Horwitz, Eric M.; Ma, Chang Ming.

In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 58, No. 14, 21.07.2013, p. 4921-4932.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Jin Sheng ; Lin, Mu Han ; Buyyounouski, Mark K. ; Horwitz, Eric M. ; Ma, Chang Ming. / Reduction of prostate intrafractional motion from shortening the treatment time. In: Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2013 ; Vol. 58, No. 14. pp. 4921-4932.
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abstract = "This study aims to quantify the reduction of the intrafractional motion when the prostate intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment time is shortened. Prostate intrafractional motion data recorded by the Calypso system for 105 patients was analyzed. Statistical distributions of the prostate displacements for the regular IMRT treatment and the first 1, 2, 3 and 5 min of the treatment were calculated and used for treatment margin estimation for all the selected patients. The treatment margins estimated for the first 1, 2, 3 and 5 min were compared with those for the regular IMRT treatment to quantify the reduction of the motion. If the treatment can be completed within 5 (3) min, the standard deviation of the prostate displacement could be reduced by up to 45{\%} and the required treatment margins could be reduced to 1.2 (1.1), 0.9 (0.8), 2.2 (1.9), 1.9 (1.5), 1.9 (1.7) and 2.8 (2.4) mm from 1.5, 1.1, 2.8, 3.0, 2.4 and 3.9 mm in the left, right, superior, inferior, anterior and posterior directions, respectively. The same work was also performed for 19 of the 105 patients who exhibited the largest motion with 30{\%} of their treatment time having 3D motion more than 3 mm. For this group of patients, the required margins change to 1.4 (1.2), 0.8 (0.8), 1.8 (1.6), 2.3 (1.8), 1.7 (1.5) and 3.4 (2.8) mm from 1.9, 1.2, 1.7, 3.7, 1.6 and 4.9 mm in the six directions when the treatment time is reduced to 5 (3) min. The intrafractional motion effects on prostate treatment are significantly smaller and the required margins can be therefore reduced when the treatment is shortened.",
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