This study aims to quantify the reduction of the intrafractional motion when the prostate intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment time is shortened. Prostate intrafractional motion data recorded by the Calypso system for 105 patients was analyzed. Statistical distributions of the prostate displacements for the regular IMRT treatment and the first 1, 2, 3 and 5 min of the treatment were calculated and used for treatment margin estimation for all the selected patients. The treatment margins estimated for the first 1, 2, 3 and 5 min were compared with those for the regular IMRT treatment to quantify the reduction of the motion. If the treatment can be completed within 5 (3) min, the standard deviation of the prostate displacement could be reduced by up to 45% and the required treatment margins could be reduced to 1.2 (1.1), 0.9 (0.8), 2.2 (1.9), 1.9 (1.5), 1.9 (1.7) and 2.8 (2.4) mm from 1.5, 1.1, 2.8, 3.0, 2.4 and 3.9 mm in the left, right, superior, inferior, anterior and posterior directions, respectively. The same work was also performed for 19 of the 105 patients who exhibited the largest motion with 30% of their treatment time having 3D motion more than 3 mm. For this group of patients, the required margins change to 1.4 (1.2), 0.8 (0.8), 1.8 (1.6), 2.3 (1.8), 1.7 (1.5) and 3.4 (2.8) mm from 1.9, 1.2, 1.7, 3.7, 1.6 and 4.9 mm in the six directions when the treatment time is reduced to 5 (3) min. The intrafractional motion effects on prostate treatment are significantly smaller and the required margins can be therefore reduced when the treatment is shortened.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging