Reelin Controls Neuronal Positioning by Promoting Cell-Matrix Adhesion via Inside-Out Activation of Integrin α5β1

Katsutoshi Sekine, Takeshi Kawauchi, Ken Ichiro Kubo, Takao Honda, Joachim Herz, Mitsuharu Hattori, Tatsuo Kinashi, Kazunori Nakajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Birthdate-dependent neuronal layering is fundamental to neocortical functions. The extracellular protein Reelin is essential for the establishment of the eventual neuronal alignments. Although this Reelin-dependent neuronal layering is mainly established by the final neuronal migration step called "terminal translocation" beneath the marginal zone (MZ), the molecular mechanism underlying the control by Reelin of terminal translocation and layer formation is largely unknown. Here, we show that after Reelin binds to its receptors, it activates integrin α5β1 through the intracellular Dab1-Crk/CrkL-C3G-Rap1 pathway. This intracellular pathway is required for terminal translocation and the activation of Reelin signaling promotes neuronal adhesion to fibronectin through integrin α5β1. Since fibronectin is localized in the MZ, the activated integrin α5β1 then controls terminal translocation, which mediates proper neuronal alignments in the mature cortex. These data indicate that Reelin-dependent activation of neuronal adhesion to the extracellular matrix is crucial for the eventual birth-date-dependent layering of the neocortex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-369
Number of pages17
JournalNeuron
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2012

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Cell-Matrix Junctions
Integrins
Fibronectins
Neocortex
Extracellular Matrix
Parturition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Reelin Controls Neuronal Positioning by Promoting Cell-Matrix Adhesion via Inside-Out Activation of Integrin α5β1. / Sekine, Katsutoshi; Kawauchi, Takeshi; Kubo, Ken Ichiro; Honda, Takao; Herz, Joachim; Hattori, Mitsuharu; Kinashi, Tatsuo; Nakajima, Kazunori.

In: Neuron, Vol. 76, No. 2, 18.10.2012, p. 353-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sekine, K, Kawauchi, T, Kubo, KI, Honda, T, Herz, J, Hattori, M, Kinashi, T & Nakajima, K 2012, 'Reelin Controls Neuronal Positioning by Promoting Cell-Matrix Adhesion via Inside-Out Activation of Integrin α5β1', Neuron, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 353-369. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.07.020
Sekine, Katsutoshi ; Kawauchi, Takeshi ; Kubo, Ken Ichiro ; Honda, Takao ; Herz, Joachim ; Hattori, Mitsuharu ; Kinashi, Tatsuo ; Nakajima, Kazunori. / Reelin Controls Neuronal Positioning by Promoting Cell-Matrix Adhesion via Inside-Out Activation of Integrin α5β1. In: Neuron. 2012 ; Vol. 76, No. 2. pp. 353-369.
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