RATIONALE:: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are closely involved in cardiac reprogramming. Although the functional roles of class I and class IIa HDACs are well established, the significance of interclass crosstalk in the development of cardiac hypertrophy remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:: Recently, we suggested that casein kinase 2α1-dependent phosphorylation of HDAC2 leads to enzymatic activation, which in turn induces cardiac hypertrophy. Here we report an alternative post-translational activation mechanism of HDAC2 that involves acetylation of HDAC2 mediated by p300/CBP-associated factor/HDAC5. METHODS AND RESULTS:: Hdac2 was acetylated in response to hypertrophic stresses in both cardiomyocytes and a mouse model. Acetylation was reduced by a histone acetyltransferase inhibitor but was increased by a nonspecific HDAC inhibitor. The enzymatic activity of Hdac2 was positively correlated with its acetylation status. p300/CBP-associated factor bound to Hdac2 and induced acetylation. The HDAC2 K75 residue was responsible for hypertrophic stress-induced acetylation. The acetylation-resistant Hdac2 K75R showed a significant decrease in phosphorylation on S394, which led to the loss of intrinsic activity. Hdac5, one of class IIa HDACs, directly deacetylated Hdac2. Acetylation of Hdac2 was increased in Hdac5-null mice. When an acetylation-mimicking mutant of Hdac2 was infected into cardiomyocytes, the antihypertrophic effect of either nuclear tethering of Hdac5 with leptomycin B or Hdac5 overexpression was reduced. CONCLUSIONS:: Taken together, our results suggest a novel mechanism by which the balance of HDAC2 acetylation is regulated by p300/CBP-associated factor and HDAC5 in the development of cardiac hypertrophy.
- cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic
- histone deacetylase 2
- histone deacetylase 5, mouse
- p300-CBP-associated factor
- protein processing, post-translational
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine