Regulation of AU-rich element RNA binding proteins by phosphorylation and the prolyl isomerase Pin1

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The accumulation of 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR), AU-rich element (ARE) containing mRNAs, are predominantly controlled at the post-transcriptional level. Regulation appears to rely on a variable and dynamic interaction between mRNA target and ARE-specific binding proteins (AUBPs). The AUBP-ARE mRNA recognition is directed by multiple intracellular signals that are predominantly targeted at the AUBPs. These include (but are unlikely limited to) methylation, acetylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitination and isomerization. These regulatory events ultimately affect ARE mRNA location, abundance, translation and stability. In this review, we describe recent advances in our understanding of phosphorylation and its impact on conformation of the AUBPs, interaction with ARE mRNAs and highlight the role of Pin1 mediated prolyl cis-trans isomerization in these biological process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-434
Number of pages23
JournalBiomolecules
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 2015

Keywords

  • AU-rich element
  • Gene regulation
  • Kinase
  • Phosphorylation
  • Prolyl isomerase Pin1
  • RNA-binding protein
  • Signaling
  • mRNA turnover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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