Glutamatergic inputs from corticostriatal and thalamostriatal pathways have been shown to modulate dopaminergic signaling in neostriatal neurons. DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of Mr 32 kDa) is a signal transduction molecule that regulates the efficacy of dopamine signaling in neostriatal neurons. Dopamine signaling is mediated in part through phosphorylation of DARPP-32 at Thr34 by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, and antagonized by phosphorylation of DARPP-32 at Thr75 by cyclin-dependent protein kinase 5. We have now investigated the effects of the ionotropic glutamate NMDA and AMPA receptors on DARPP-32 phosphorylation in neostriatal slices. Activation of NMDA and AMPA receptors decreased the state of phosphorylation of DARPP-32 at Thr34 and Thr75. The decrease in Thr34 phosphorylation was mediated through Ca2+-dependent activation of the Ca2+-/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase, calcineurin. In contrast, the decrease in Thr75 phosphorylation was mediated through Ca2+-dependent activation of dephosphorylation by protein phosphatase-2A. The results provide support for a complex effect of glutamate on dopaminergic signaling through the regulation of dephosphorylation of different sites of DARPP-32 by different protein phosphatases.
- Intracellular Ca
- Neostriatal neurons
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience