Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3

L. Davis, R. Vida, P. E. Lipsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The inhibitory and mitogenic effects of anti-CD3 antibodies (anti-CD3) were examined in cultures of human peripheral blood T cells. Resting T cells required the presence of accessory cells (AC) or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) to be stimulated by soluble anti-CD3 (OKT3 and 64.1). Anti-CD3 was unable to induce activation of AC-depleted T cells as determined by IL 2 receptor expression, IL 2 production, cell cycle analysis, or detectable DNA synthesis. Although T cell responses to PHA also required AC, far fewer were necessary to generate responses. Anti-CD3 inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell IL 2 production, IL 2 receptor expression and proliferation in partially AC-depleted cultures. Moreover, anti-CD3 was able to inhibit PHA responses when added to culture as late as 24 to 42 hr after the initiation of a 96-hr incubation. Increasing concentrations of PHA reduced the inhibitory effect of anti-CD3 on PHA-stimulated T cell proliferation, whereas IL 2 production remained suppressed. Anti-CD3 linked to Sepharose beads effectively inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell DNA synthesis, indicating that internalization of the CD3 molecule was not required for inhibition of PHA responses. Although inhibition of IL 2 production was a major effect of anti-CD3 in PHA-stimulated cultures, it was not the only apparent inhibitory effect because the addition of exogenous IL 2 could not prevent inhibition completely. Intact AC but not IL 1 also reduced anti-CD3-mediated inhibition of PHA responsiveness, whereas the addition of both IL 2 and AC largely prevented inhibition. Thus, anti-CD3 in the absence of adequate AC signals exerted a number of distinct inhibitory effects on mitogen-induced T cell activation. These results suggest that the CD3 molecular complex may play a role in regulating T cell responsiveness after engagement of the T cell receptor by a number of mechanisms, some of which involve inhibition of IL 2 production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3758-3767
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume137
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1986

Fingerprint

Interleukin-2
T-Lymphocytes
Antibodies
Interleukin-2 Receptors
CD3 Antigens
Muromonab-CD3
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Interleukin-1
Mitogens
Sepharose
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Blood Cells
Cell Cycle
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Proliferation
DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Davis, L., Vida, R., & Lipsky, P. E. (1986). Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3. Journal of Immunology, 137(12), 3758-3767.

Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3. / Davis, L.; Vida, R.; Lipsky, P. E.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 137, No. 12, 1986, p. 3758-3767.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, L, Vida, R & Lipsky, PE 1986, 'Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3', Journal of Immunology, vol. 137, no. 12, pp. 3758-3767.
Davis, L. ; Vida, R. ; Lipsky, P. E. / Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3. In: Journal of Immunology. 1986 ; Vol. 137, No. 12. pp. 3758-3767.
@article{d4d9f103ea764d8abd8bf7d3d973ee2c,
title = "Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3",
abstract = "The inhibitory and mitogenic effects of anti-CD3 antibodies (anti-CD3) were examined in cultures of human peripheral blood T cells. Resting T cells required the presence of accessory cells (AC) or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) to be stimulated by soluble anti-CD3 (OKT3 and 64.1). Anti-CD3 was unable to induce activation of AC-depleted T cells as determined by IL 2 receptor expression, IL 2 production, cell cycle analysis, or detectable DNA synthesis. Although T cell responses to PHA also required AC, far fewer were necessary to generate responses. Anti-CD3 inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell IL 2 production, IL 2 receptor expression and proliferation in partially AC-depleted cultures. Moreover, anti-CD3 was able to inhibit PHA responses when added to culture as late as 24 to 42 hr after the initiation of a 96-hr incubation. Increasing concentrations of PHA reduced the inhibitory effect of anti-CD3 on PHA-stimulated T cell proliferation, whereas IL 2 production remained suppressed. Anti-CD3 linked to Sepharose beads effectively inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell DNA synthesis, indicating that internalization of the CD3 molecule was not required for inhibition of PHA responses. Although inhibition of IL 2 production was a major effect of anti-CD3 in PHA-stimulated cultures, it was not the only apparent inhibitory effect because the addition of exogenous IL 2 could not prevent inhibition completely. Intact AC but not IL 1 also reduced anti-CD3-mediated inhibition of PHA responsiveness, whereas the addition of both IL 2 and AC largely prevented inhibition. Thus, anti-CD3 in the absence of adequate AC signals exerted a number of distinct inhibitory effects on mitogen-induced T cell activation. These results suggest that the CD3 molecular complex may play a role in regulating T cell responsiveness after engagement of the T cell receptor by a number of mechanisms, some of which involve inhibition of IL 2 production.",
author = "L. Davis and R. Vida and Lipsky, {P. E.}",
year = "1986",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "137",
pages = "3758--3767",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of human T lymphocyte mitogenesis by antibodies to CD3

AU - Davis, L.

AU - Vida, R.

AU - Lipsky, P. E.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - The inhibitory and mitogenic effects of anti-CD3 antibodies (anti-CD3) were examined in cultures of human peripheral blood T cells. Resting T cells required the presence of accessory cells (AC) or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) to be stimulated by soluble anti-CD3 (OKT3 and 64.1). Anti-CD3 was unable to induce activation of AC-depleted T cells as determined by IL 2 receptor expression, IL 2 production, cell cycle analysis, or detectable DNA synthesis. Although T cell responses to PHA also required AC, far fewer were necessary to generate responses. Anti-CD3 inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell IL 2 production, IL 2 receptor expression and proliferation in partially AC-depleted cultures. Moreover, anti-CD3 was able to inhibit PHA responses when added to culture as late as 24 to 42 hr after the initiation of a 96-hr incubation. Increasing concentrations of PHA reduced the inhibitory effect of anti-CD3 on PHA-stimulated T cell proliferation, whereas IL 2 production remained suppressed. Anti-CD3 linked to Sepharose beads effectively inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell DNA synthesis, indicating that internalization of the CD3 molecule was not required for inhibition of PHA responses. Although inhibition of IL 2 production was a major effect of anti-CD3 in PHA-stimulated cultures, it was not the only apparent inhibitory effect because the addition of exogenous IL 2 could not prevent inhibition completely. Intact AC but not IL 1 also reduced anti-CD3-mediated inhibition of PHA responsiveness, whereas the addition of both IL 2 and AC largely prevented inhibition. Thus, anti-CD3 in the absence of adequate AC signals exerted a number of distinct inhibitory effects on mitogen-induced T cell activation. These results suggest that the CD3 molecular complex may play a role in regulating T cell responsiveness after engagement of the T cell receptor by a number of mechanisms, some of which involve inhibition of IL 2 production.

AB - The inhibitory and mitogenic effects of anti-CD3 antibodies (anti-CD3) were examined in cultures of human peripheral blood T cells. Resting T cells required the presence of accessory cells (AC) or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) to be stimulated by soluble anti-CD3 (OKT3 and 64.1). Anti-CD3 was unable to induce activation of AC-depleted T cells as determined by IL 2 receptor expression, IL 2 production, cell cycle analysis, or detectable DNA synthesis. Although T cell responses to PHA also required AC, far fewer were necessary to generate responses. Anti-CD3 inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell IL 2 production, IL 2 receptor expression and proliferation in partially AC-depleted cultures. Moreover, anti-CD3 was able to inhibit PHA responses when added to culture as late as 24 to 42 hr after the initiation of a 96-hr incubation. Increasing concentrations of PHA reduced the inhibitory effect of anti-CD3 on PHA-stimulated T cell proliferation, whereas IL 2 production remained suppressed. Anti-CD3 linked to Sepharose beads effectively inhibited PHA-stimulated T cell DNA synthesis, indicating that internalization of the CD3 molecule was not required for inhibition of PHA responses. Although inhibition of IL 2 production was a major effect of anti-CD3 in PHA-stimulated cultures, it was not the only apparent inhibitory effect because the addition of exogenous IL 2 could not prevent inhibition completely. Intact AC but not IL 1 also reduced anti-CD3-mediated inhibition of PHA responsiveness, whereas the addition of both IL 2 and AC largely prevented inhibition. Thus, anti-CD3 in the absence of adequate AC signals exerted a number of distinct inhibitory effects on mitogen-induced T cell activation. These results suggest that the CD3 molecular complex may play a role in regulating T cell responsiveness after engagement of the T cell receptor by a number of mechanisms, some of which involve inhibition of IL 2 production.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023025094&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023025094&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3097131

AN - SCOPUS:0023025094

VL - 137

SP - 3758

EP - 3767

JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

SN - 0022-1767

IS - 12

ER -