Regulation of INSIG2 by microRNA-96

Youngah Jo, Ji Young Cha, Young Ah Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mature forms of the microRNAs miR-96, -182, and -183 originate from a single genomic locus and have been shown to be elevated approximately 50-fold in the livers of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1a and -2 (SREBP-1a and -2) transgenic mice. Our study attempted to identify the possible targets of these microRNAs using miRNA target prediction software. This revealed putative sites in insulin-induced genes (INSIGs). The 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of insulin-induced gene 1 (INSIG1) contained sites corresponding to miR-182, and -183, while the 3′ UTR of INSIG2 featured an miR-96 site. Among these putative sites, only miR-96 demonstrated an inhibitory effect that was specific to the 3′ UTR of INSIG2. As INSIG proteins are the main components of SREBP cleavage complexes that act to release active SREBPs, we assessed the effects of miR-96 on INSIG and SREBP levels and activities. We found that miR-96 reduced the levels of INSIG2 in INSIG1 knockout human fibroblasts, resulting in an increase in SREBP-1 and -2 nuclear forms and a subsequent increase in the abundance of the mRNA of their target genes. These results suggest that miR-96, an miRNA induced by SREBP-2 activation, regulates downstream targets of SREBPs and may increase the abundance of active SREBP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAnimal Cells and Systems
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 10 2017

Fingerprint

MicroRNAs
microRNA
Genes
Insulin
insulin
3' Untranslated Regions
Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1
3' untranslated regions
genes
Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 2
Gene Knockout Techniques
Fibroblasts
Liver
Transgenic Mice
Software
sterols
Chemical activation
fibroblasts
binding proteins
Messenger RNA

Keywords

  • insulin-induced gene
  • Mir-96
  • sterol regulatory element-binding protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Regulation of INSIG2 by microRNA-96. / Jo, Youngah; Cha, Ji Young; Moon, Young Ah.

In: Animal Cells and Systems, 10.06.2017, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jo, Youngah ; Cha, Ji Young ; Moon, Young Ah. / Regulation of INSIG2 by microRNA-96. In: Animal Cells and Systems. 2017 ; pp. 1-6.
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