Mature forms of the microRNAs miR-96, -182, and -183 originate from a single genomic locus and have been shown to be elevated approximately 50-fold in the livers of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1a and -2 (SREBP-1a and -2) transgenic mice. Our study attempted to identify the possible targets of these microRNAs using miRNA target prediction software. This revealed putative sites in insulin-induced genes (INSIGs). The 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of insulin-induced gene 1 (INSIG1) contained sites corresponding to miR-182, and -183, while the 3′ UTR of INSIG2 featured an miR-96 site. Among these putative sites, only miR-96 demonstrated an inhibitory effect that was specific to the 3′ UTR of INSIG2. As INSIG proteins are the main components of SREBP cleavage complexes that act to release active SREBPs, we assessed the effects of miR-96 on INSIG and SREBP levels and activities. We found that miR-96 reduced the levels of INSIG2 in INSIG1 knockout human fibroblasts, resulting in an increase in SREBP-1 and -2 nuclear forms and a subsequent increase in the abundance of the mRNA of their target genes. These results suggest that miR-96, an miRNA induced by SREBP-2 activation, regulates downstream targets of SREBPs and may increase the abundance of active SREBP.
- insulin-induced gene
- sterol regulatory element-binding protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)