We show that the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK1/2 are components of the mechanism by which glucose stimulates insulin gene expression. ERK1/2 activity is required for glucose-dependent transcription from both the full-length rat insulin I promoter and the glucose-sensitive isolated E2A3/4 promoter element in intact islets and β cell lines. Dominant negative ERK2 and MEK inhibitors suppress glucose stimulation of the rat insulin I promoter and the E2A3/4 element. Overexpression of ERK2 is sufficient to stimulate transcription from the E2A3/4 element. The glucose-induced response is dependent upon ERK1/2 phosphorylation of a subset of transcription factors that include Beta2 (also known as NeuroD1) and PDX-1. Phosphorylation increases their functional activity and results in a cumulative transactivation of the promoter. Thus, ERK1/2 act at multiple points to transduce a glucose signal to insulin gene transcription.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 29 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology