Rehabilitation Needs of the Elder with Traumatic Brain Injury

Manuel F. Mas, Amy Mathews, Ekua Gilbert-Baffoe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older adults is increasing. As the expected life expectancy increases, there is a heightened need for comprehensive rehabilitation for this population. Elderly patients with TBI benefit from rehabilitation interventions at all stages of injury and can achieve functional gains during acute inpatient rehabilitation. Clinicians should be vigilant of unique characteristics of this population during inpatient rehabilitation, including vulnerability to polypharmacy, posttraumatic hydrocephalus, neuropsychiatric sequelae, sleep disturbances, and sensory deficits. Long-term care should include fall prevention, assessment of cognitive deficits, aerobic activity, community reintegration, and caretaker support. Life expectancy is reduced after TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-842
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Elderly
  • Preventive medicine
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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