Objectives. We attempted to determine the relation between estrogen replacement therapy and the rate of restenosis after coronary angioplasty and atherectomy. Background. Although estrogen replacement therapy in women has been associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events and improvement in endothelial function, no study has examined whether estrogen reduces restenosis rates after percutaneous coronary interventions. Methods. A total of 204 women enrolled in the Coronary Angioplasty Versus Excisional Atherectomy Trial with angiographic follow-up were contacted, and their menopausal and estrogen replacement status was determined. Late loss in minimal lumen diameter, late loss index, minimal lumen diameter, rate of restenosis >50% and actual percent of stenosis were compared in estrogen users and nonusers by quantitative coronary angiography at 6-month follow-up. Results. Late loss in minimal lumen diameter was significantly less in women using estrogen than in nonusers (-0.13 vs. -0.46 mm, p = 0.01). A regression analysis of the determinants of late loss in minimal lumen diameter revealed that estrogen use was the single most important predictor of subsequent late loss (F = 13.38, p = 0.0006). Formal testing revealed a highly significant interaction between the use of estrogen and intervention (angioplasty or atherectomy). Women undergoing atherectomy who received estrogen had a significantly lower late loss index (0.06 vs. -0.63, p = 0.002), less late loss (0.06 vs. -0.61 mm, p = 0.0006), larger minimal lumen diameter (p = 0.044) and lower restenosis rates (p = 0.038 for >50% stenosis) than those not using estrogen. In contrast, estrogen had minimal effects on restenosis end points after angioplasty. Conclusions. This study demonstrates the potential for estrogen replacement therapy to reduce angiographic measures of restenosis in postmenopausal women after coronary intervention, particularly in those undergoing atherectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine