Relationship between cognitive and morphological asymmetry in dementia of the alzheimer type: A CT scan study

Naftali Raz, Sarah Raz, Ronald A. Yeo, Eric Turkheimer, Erin D. Bigler, C. Munro Cullum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study we investigated the association between morphological asymmetry and patterns of cognitive ability in dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT). Digitized CT scans were used to estimate volumetric parameters of the brain. The volume of the cranium, brain parenchyma, the subarachnoid space, and lateral ventricles was computed. The volume of the subarachnoid space was used as an index of cortical atrophy, while the ventricular volume served as an estimate of subcortical atrophy. Asymmetry indices were computed for all structures as the difference between left and right volume divided by their average and multiplied by 100. Cognitive asymmetry index was computed by dividing the difference between VIQ and PIQ of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) by their average and multiplying by 100. After statistically controlling for cranial asymmetry, hemispheric asymmetry was found to correlate positively with cognitive asymmetry. The correlation was somewhat greater for male than for female patients. Asymmetry of both cortical and subcortical atrophy correlated negatively with cognitive asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Volume35
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Cerebral asymmetry
  • Computer assisted tomography
  • Sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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