Relationship Between Time From Diagnosis and Morbidity/Mortality in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Results From the Phase III GRIPHON Study

Sean Gaine, Olivier Sitbon, Richard N. Channick, Kelly M. Chin, Rafael Sauter, Nazzareno Galiè, Marius M. Hoeper, Vallerie V. McLaughlin, Ralph Preiss, Lewis J. Rubin, Gérald Simonneau, Victor Tapson, Hossein Ardeschir Ghofrani, Irene Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Early initiation of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) therapies is associated with improved long-term outcomes, yet data on the early use of prostacyclin pathway agents are limited. In these post hoc analyses of the Prostacyclin (PGI2) Receptor Agonist In Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (GRIPHON) study, the largest randomized controlled trial for PAH to date, the prognostic value of time from diagnosis and its impact on treatment response were examined. Research Question: How does time from diagnosis impact morbidity/mortality events and response to selexipag treatment in patients with PAH? Study Design and Methods: The GRIPHON study randomly assigned 1,156 patients with PAH to selexipag or placebo treatment. Patients were categorized post hoc into a time from diagnosis of ≤ 6 months and > 6 months at randomization. Hazard ratios (selexipag vs placebo) were calculated for the primary end point of morbidity/mortality by time from diagnosis using Cox proportional hazard models. Results: Time from diagnosis was ≤ 6 months in 34.9% and > 6 months in 65.1% of patients. Time from diagnosis was prognostic of morbidity/mortality, with newly diagnosed patients having a poorer long-term outcome than patients diagnosed for longer. Compared with placebo, selexipag reduced the risk of morbidity/mortality in patients with a time from diagnosis of ≤ 6 months and > 6 months, with a more pronounced effect in newly diagnosed patients (hazard ratio, 0.45 [95% CI, 0.33-0.63] and 0.74 [95% CI, 0.57-0.96], respectively; P = .0219 for interaction). Interpretation: In the GRIPHON study, newly diagnosed PAH patients had a worse prognosis than patients with a longer time from diagnosis. The benefit of selexipag treatment on disease progression was more pronounced in patients treated earlier than in patients treated later. Trial Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT01106014; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-286
Number of pages10
JournalCHEST
Volume160
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • selexipag
  • time from diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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