Relationship between trinitrophenol and H-2 antigens on trinitrophenyl-modified spleen cells. III. Quantitative aspects of trinitrophenol binding on cells treated with trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid

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Abstract

Splenic lymphoblasts or normal spleen cells were treated with varying concentrations of TNBS in order to assess whether cell membrane H-2 molecules were derivatized with TNP. Cells treated with high concentrations of TNBS had their cell membrane H-2 molecules derivatized and functioned antigenically as inhibitors in a cold target TNP-CML competition assay. In contrast, cells derivatized with lower concentrations of TNBS had a significant proportion of their membrane proteins derivatized with TNP but did not have their H-2 molecules derivatized. These later cells were unable to block anti-TNP cytotoxic effector cells in the competition assay. When cells were treated with 3H-TNBS, it was observed that TNP couples to cell membrane H-2, Ia and Ig molecules, and an estimate of the number of TNP molecules per cell at varying concentrations of TNBS was determined. The data obtained are consistent with there being a requirement for TNP to directly derivative H-2 molecules on the cell membrane in order to create antigenic determinants that can be recognized by cytotoxic anti-TNP effector cells. As an alternative, there may be a requirement for the presence of a high density of TNP molecules per cell rather than direct H-2 derivatization by TNP in order to account for activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)997-1001
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume121
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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