Relative contributions of occlusion, maximum bite force, and chewing cycle kinematics to masticatory performance

Casey R. Lepley, Gaylord S. Throckmorton, Richard F. Ceen, Peter H. Buschang

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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to explore the contributions of occlusion, maximum bite force, and chewing cycle kinematics to masticatory performance. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed on 30 subjects with Class I occlusion. Masticatory performance was measured with the test food Cuttersil (Heraeus Kulzer, South Bend, Ind) and the fractional-sieve technique. Blu-Mousse (Parkell Biomaterials, Farmingdale, NY) bite registrations were used to measure occlusal contact areas. The American Board of Orthodontics occlusal discrepancies were measured on the subjects' dental models. Maximum bite forces were recorded with a custom transducer, and 3-dimensional chewing cycle kinematics were tracked with an opto-electric computer system and Optotrak software (Northern Digital, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada). Results: Masticatory performance was most closely correlated with occlusal contact area, indicating larger contact areas in subjects with better performance. Occlusal contact area and occlusal discrepancies were also related to bite force and chewing cycle kinematics. Maximum bite force was positively related with masticatory performance. Conclusions: Although masticatory performance is related, both directly and indirectly, to a number of morphologic and functional factors, it is most closely related to occlusal factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-613
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume139
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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