Kidney transplantation is the best option for patients with end-stage kidney disease. It is associated with better quality of life, lower medical costs, less hospitalization, and improved survival compared with wait-listed patients who remain on dialysis. Timely referral for transplantation is essential to reap the maximal benefit and should begin in the advanced chronic kidney disease stage prior to starting dialysis. Shortage of donor organs remains the biggest challenge to transplantation. With the improved success of kidney transplantation, candidate acceptance criteria continue to broaden. This article provides an overview of the pretransplantation multidisciplinary evaluation process detailing the factors that determine transplant candidacy.
- Factors affecting transplant candidacy
- Kidney transplant
- New kidney allocation system
- Pretransplantation evaluation process
- Wait times
- Wait-list mortality
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