There were 49 insulin-dependent diabetics who received 52 renal allografts: 13 from living related and 39 from cadaveric donors. The mean age and time on dialysis were similar for both recipient groups. Patient survival at 1 and 2 years was 100 per cent for living related donor recipients, and 76 and 56 per cent at 1 and 2 years for cadaveric recipients. Renal allograft survival was 92 and 85 per cent at 1 and 2 years for living related donor recipients. Cadaveric allograft survival was 49 and 41 per cent at 1 and 2 years. The cumulative mortality rate was 39 per cent and the over-all surgical morbidity was low. Renal transplantation in diabetic patients is worthwhile from the standpoint of patient and allograft survival.
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