Renal vasodilator activity of 5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid depends upon conversion by cyclooxygenase and release of prostaglandins

Mairead A. Carroll, Michael Balazy, Patricia Margiotta, J. R. Falck, John C. McGiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-EET), a renal vasodilator metabolite of arachidonic acid via cytochrome P450 (P450) requires cyclooxygenase for expression of its vasoactivity as the responses are inhibited by indomethacin and other aspirin-like drugs. We now report on the metabolism of 5,6-EET by rabbit kidneys in order to characterize those metabolites that may account for its vasoactivity. The 5,6-EET was injected close-arterially into the rabbit isolated Krebs-Henseleit perfused kidney, preconstricted with phenylephrine, and the effluent collected throughout the response period. Basal collections, following injection of 100 μl of vehicle, were made at 20-min intervals before each 5,6-EET injection. Prior to acidic extraction, deuterated 6-keto-prostaglandin (PG) F(1α) and PGE2 were added as internal standards. The extracts were separated by TLC and prostaglandins were derivatized for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis using a negative ion chemical ionization mode. Injection of 0.5, 1, 5, 10, and 20 μg of 5,6-EET (n = 4) resulted in dose-related decreases in perfusion pressure of 6 ± 2, 12 ± 4, 21 ± 4, 26 ± 4, and 27 ± 7 mm Hg, respectively. Basal perfusates contained 6 keto-PGF(1α) and PGE2, levels of which were increased by 2-fold or more by 5,6-EET. Perfusates, collected during 5,6-EET administration, also contained 5-hydroxy-PGI1 and 5,6-epoxy-PGE1, cyclooxygenase metabolites of 5,6-EET. This is the first report of the recovery and identification of these 5,6-EET metabolites from an intact organ. Since the responses to 5,6-EET are endothelial-dependent, we also studied the profile of eicosanoids formed following incubation of 5,6-EET with cultured bovine pulmonary endothelial cells. Endothelial cells metabolized 5,6-EET to products with a similar radioactive profile on reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography compared to kidney perfusates. We compared the vasodilator activity of 5,6-epoxy-PGE1 and 5- hydroxy-PGI1, chemically synthesized by us from PGE2 and PGE(2α), respectively, with PGE2 and PGI2 in the rabbit kidney. The 5,6-epoxy-PGE1 was equipotent to PGE2 as a vasodilator. The ED50 values for 5,6-EET, 5,6- epoxy-PGE1, and PGE2 were 4.69, 0.43, and 0.42 nmol, respectively. Although PGI2 was a potent vasodilator (ED50, 0.24 nmol), 5-hydroxy-PGI1 was devoid of activity. Thus, the cyclooxygenase-dependent vasoactivity of 5,6- EET in the rabbit kidney has two components: release of vasodilator prostaglandins, PGE2 and PGI2, and metabolism of 5,6-EET to a prostaglandin analog, 5,6-epoxy-PGE1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12260-12266
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume268
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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