Repeat Surgical Interventions Following "Definitive" Instrumentation and Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis: 25-Year Update

Megan Mignemi, Dong Tran, Brandon Ramo, B. Stephens Richards

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Abstract

Study Design: Single-institution, retrospective review of prospectively collected data on pediatric patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing spinal fusion with a minimum two-year follow-up. Objective: To determine the rate of reoperation in AIS patients undergoing spine fusion from 2008 to 2012. Summary of Background Data: Recent trends in the surgical treatment of AIS have included increased use of all-pedicle screw constructs, smaller implants, more posterior-only approaches, and improved correction techniques. Methods: A retrospective review of 467 patients undergoing spinal fusion from 2008 to 2012 was performed. Demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical data were collected prospectively on all patients for the index procedure and any reoperations. Data were compared to previously published cohorts of patients from the authors' institution who underwent spinal fusion for AIS between 1988 and 2007. Results: The rate of reoperation in this five-year cohort of patients was 9.9%. The most common indications for reoperation were infection (4.5%: 2.4% delayed infections and 2.1% acute infections), symptomatic implants (2.1%), and misplaced pedicle screws (1.7%). When compared to the 2003-2007 cohort, the rate of reoperation for acute infection and malpositioned pedicle screws increased significantly (p = .01 and p = .04), whereas the rate of reoperation for curve progression decreased (p = .01). Reoperations for acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws also increased significantly (p = .047 and p = .042) compared with the 1988-2002 cohort, whereas the rate of reoperation for pseudarthrosis decreased (p = .002). Conclusion: Reoperation rates for AIS have not improved with more sophisticated implants and techniques, predominantly because of increased acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws despite decreasing pseudarthrosis rates and curve progression. Level of Evidence: Level II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSpine Deformity
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Scoliosis
Reoperation
Spinal Fusion
Infection
Pseudarthrosis
Spine
Demography
Pedicle Screws
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Postoperative infection
  • Reoperation
  • Spinal fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

@article{ec062b669d2d4d0393fa6c67103372ea,
title = "Repeat Surgical Interventions Following {"}Definitive{"} Instrumentation and Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis: 25-Year Update",
abstract = "Study Design: Single-institution, retrospective review of prospectively collected data on pediatric patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing spinal fusion with a minimum two-year follow-up. Objective: To determine the rate of reoperation in AIS patients undergoing spine fusion from 2008 to 2012. Summary of Background Data: Recent trends in the surgical treatment of AIS have included increased use of all-pedicle screw constructs, smaller implants, more posterior-only approaches, and improved correction techniques. Methods: A retrospective review of 467 patients undergoing spinal fusion from 2008 to 2012 was performed. Demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical data were collected prospectively on all patients for the index procedure and any reoperations. Data were compared to previously published cohorts of patients from the authors' institution who underwent spinal fusion for AIS between 1988 and 2007. Results: The rate of reoperation in this five-year cohort of patients was 9.9{\%}. The most common indications for reoperation were infection (4.5{\%}: 2.4{\%} delayed infections and 2.1{\%} acute infections), symptomatic implants (2.1{\%}), and misplaced pedicle screws (1.7{\%}). When compared to the 2003-2007 cohort, the rate of reoperation for acute infection and malpositioned pedicle screws increased significantly (p = .01 and p = .04), whereas the rate of reoperation for curve progression decreased (p = .01). Reoperations for acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws also increased significantly (p = .047 and p = .042) compared with the 1988-2002 cohort, whereas the rate of reoperation for pseudarthrosis decreased (p = .002). Conclusion: Reoperation rates for AIS have not improved with more sophisticated implants and techniques, predominantly because of increased acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws despite decreasing pseudarthrosis rates and curve progression. Level of Evidence: Level II.",
keywords = "Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, Postoperative infection, Reoperation, Spinal fusion",
author = "Megan Mignemi and Dong Tran and Brandon Ramo and Richards, {B. Stephens}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jspd.2017.12.006",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Spine Deformity",
issn = "2212-134X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Repeat Surgical Interventions Following "Definitive" Instrumentation and Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis

T2 - 25-Year Update

AU - Mignemi, Megan

AU - Tran, Dong

AU - Ramo, Brandon

AU - Richards, B. Stephens

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Study Design: Single-institution, retrospective review of prospectively collected data on pediatric patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing spinal fusion with a minimum two-year follow-up. Objective: To determine the rate of reoperation in AIS patients undergoing spine fusion from 2008 to 2012. Summary of Background Data: Recent trends in the surgical treatment of AIS have included increased use of all-pedicle screw constructs, smaller implants, more posterior-only approaches, and improved correction techniques. Methods: A retrospective review of 467 patients undergoing spinal fusion from 2008 to 2012 was performed. Demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical data were collected prospectively on all patients for the index procedure and any reoperations. Data were compared to previously published cohorts of patients from the authors' institution who underwent spinal fusion for AIS between 1988 and 2007. Results: The rate of reoperation in this five-year cohort of patients was 9.9%. The most common indications for reoperation were infection (4.5%: 2.4% delayed infections and 2.1% acute infections), symptomatic implants (2.1%), and misplaced pedicle screws (1.7%). When compared to the 2003-2007 cohort, the rate of reoperation for acute infection and malpositioned pedicle screws increased significantly (p = .01 and p = .04), whereas the rate of reoperation for curve progression decreased (p = .01). Reoperations for acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws also increased significantly (p = .047 and p = .042) compared with the 1988-2002 cohort, whereas the rate of reoperation for pseudarthrosis decreased (p = .002). Conclusion: Reoperation rates for AIS have not improved with more sophisticated implants and techniques, predominantly because of increased acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws despite decreasing pseudarthrosis rates and curve progression. Level of Evidence: Level II.

AB - Study Design: Single-institution, retrospective review of prospectively collected data on pediatric patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing spinal fusion with a minimum two-year follow-up. Objective: To determine the rate of reoperation in AIS patients undergoing spine fusion from 2008 to 2012. Summary of Background Data: Recent trends in the surgical treatment of AIS have included increased use of all-pedicle screw constructs, smaller implants, more posterior-only approaches, and improved correction techniques. Methods: A retrospective review of 467 patients undergoing spinal fusion from 2008 to 2012 was performed. Demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical data were collected prospectively on all patients for the index procedure and any reoperations. Data were compared to previously published cohorts of patients from the authors' institution who underwent spinal fusion for AIS between 1988 and 2007. Results: The rate of reoperation in this five-year cohort of patients was 9.9%. The most common indications for reoperation were infection (4.5%: 2.4% delayed infections and 2.1% acute infections), symptomatic implants (2.1%), and misplaced pedicle screws (1.7%). When compared to the 2003-2007 cohort, the rate of reoperation for acute infection and malpositioned pedicle screws increased significantly (p = .01 and p = .04), whereas the rate of reoperation for curve progression decreased (p = .01). Reoperations for acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws also increased significantly (p = .047 and p = .042) compared with the 1988-2002 cohort, whereas the rate of reoperation for pseudarthrosis decreased (p = .002). Conclusion: Reoperation rates for AIS have not improved with more sophisticated implants and techniques, predominantly because of increased acute infections and malpositioned pedicle screws despite decreasing pseudarthrosis rates and curve progression. Level of Evidence: Level II.

KW - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

KW - Postoperative infection

KW - Reoperation

KW - Spinal fusion

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