Serum response factor (SRF) controls the transcription of muscle genes by recruiting a variety of partner proteins, including members of the myocardin family of transcriptional coactivators. Mice lacking SRF fail to form mesoderm and die before gastrulation, precluding an analysis of the roles of SRF in muscle tissues. To investigate the functions of SRF in skeletal muscle development, we conditionally deleted the Srf gene in mice by skeletal muscle-specific expression of Cre recombinase. In mice lacking skeletal muscle SRF expression, muscle fibers formed, but failed to undergo hypertrophic growth after birth. Consequently, mutant mice died during the perinatal period from severe skeletal muscle hypoplasia. The myopathic phenotype of these mutant mice resembled that of mice expressing a dominant negative mutant of a myocardin family member in skeletal muscle. These findings reveal an essential role for the partnership of SRF and myocardin-related transcription factors in the control of skeletal muscle growth and maturation in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 25 2005|
- Myocardin-related transcription factor
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