Resistance exercise training reduces central blood pressure and improves microvascular function in African American and white men

Kevin S. Heffernan, Christopher A. Fahs, Gary A. Iwamoto, Sae Young Jae, Kenneth R. Wilund, Jeffrey A. Woods, Bo Fernhall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: African American men have stiffer large central arteries and impaired dilation of smaller peripheral arteries when compared to their white peers. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of resistance exercise training (RT) on vascular function and central blood pressure (BP) in young (22 years) African American and white men. Methods: Vascular and hemodynamic measures were made in 19 African American and 18 white men at baseline and following 6-weeks of RT. Carotid BP and carotid/brachial artery β-stiffness were measured by tonometry and ultrasonography, respectively. Aortic BP was measured by radial artery tonometry and a generalized transfer function. Aortic stiffness was measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV). Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by strain-gauge plethysmography before and during reactive hyperemia (RH) induced by 5-min of brachial artery occlusion. Results: There were similar reductions in central BP and similar increases in FBF-RH in both African American and white men following RT (p < 0.05). There were no changes in brachial systolic BP, carotid stiffness, and aortic PWV in either group (p > 0.05). There was an increase in brachial stiffness in African American but not white men following RT (p < 0.05). Conclusions: RT led to reductions in central BP and increases in microvascular endothelial function with no effect on central artery stiffness in both groups of young men. RT increased brachial stiffness in African American men. Measurement of conventional brachial BP does not capture the central hemodynamic and vascular response to exercise training due to disparate racial changes in regional vascular properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume207
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Exercise
  • Vascular function
  • Wave reflection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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