The updated scientific statement by the American Heart Association has defined resistant hypertension (HTN;RH) as uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) ≥ 130/80 mmHg, despite concurrent use of 3 anti-HTN drug classes comprising a calcium channel blocker, a blocker of renin-angiotensin system, and a thiazide diuretic, preferably chlorthalidone. Using the updated BP criteria, the prevalence of RH in the United States is found to be modestly increased by approximately 3–4% among treated population. Meta-analysis of observational studies have demonstrated that pseudo-RH from white coat HTN or medication nonadherence is as much common as the truly RH. Thus, screening for pseudo-resistance in the evaluation of all apparent RH is of utmost importance as diagnosis of white-coat HTN requires no treatment, while medication nonadherence would benefit from identifying and targeting barriers to adherence.
- Resistant hypertension
- White coat hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine