Resonance transduction of low level periodic signals by an enzyme: an oscillatory activation barrier model

V. S. Markin, D. Liu, M. D. Rosenberg, T. Y. Tsong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The overall rate of an enzyme catalyzed reaction is determined by the activation barrier of a rate-limiting step. If the barrier is oscillatory due to the intrinsic properties of a fluctuating enzyme, this enzymatic reaction will be influenced by a low level periodic electric field through the resonance transduction between the applied field and the oscillatory activation barrier. The ATP hydrolysis activity of a highly purified, detergent solubilized Ecto-ATPase from chicken oviduct was used to test the above concept. At 37 degrees C, this activity (1,800 mumols mg-1 min-1) was stimulated up to 47% (to 2,650 mumols mg-1 min-1) by an alternating electric field (AC), with a frequency window at 10 kHz. The maximal stimulation occurred at 5.0 V (peak-to-peak) cm-1. The potential drop across the dimension of the enzyme was approximately 10 microV (micelle diameter 20 nm). The activation barrier, or the Arrhenius activation energy, of the ATP splitting was measured to be 30 kT and the maximal barrier oscillation was calculated to be approximately 2.5 kT according to the oscillatory activation barrier (OAB) model. With the optimal AC field, full impact of the electric stimulation could be effected in much less than a second. The OAB model is many orders of magnitude more sensitive for deciphering low level periodic signals than the electroconformational coupling (ECC) model, although the latter has the ability to actively transduce energy while the former does not.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1049
Number of pages5
JournalBiophysical journal
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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