Respiratory acid-base disorders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The lungs serve to defend pH by altering alveolar ventilation which serves to control the pCO<inf>2</inf> of body fluids. Respiratory acidosis develops as a result of ineffective alveolar ventilation. Respiratory alkalosis results from hypocapnia and is defined by a PaCO<inf>2</inf> of less than 35 mmHg in the setting of alkalemia. An increase in alveolar ventilation relative to CO<inf>2</inf> production gives rise to respiratory alkalosis. The clinical disorders which lead to ineffective ventilation or excess ventilation are discussed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCore Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance
PublisherSpringer US
Pages297-306
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781461437703, 1461437695, 9781461437697
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Fingerprint

Ventilation
Acids
Respiratory Alkalosis
Hypocapnia
Respiratory Acidosis
Body Fluids
Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Palmer, B. F. (2013). Respiratory acid-base disorders. In Core Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance (pp. 297-306). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3770-3_10

Respiratory acid-base disorders. / Palmer, Biff F.

Core Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance. Springer US, 2013. p. 297-306.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Palmer, BF 2013, Respiratory acid-base disorders. in Core Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance. Springer US, pp. 297-306. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3770-3_10
Palmer BF. Respiratory acid-base disorders. In Core Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance. Springer US. 2013. p. 297-306 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3770-3_10
Palmer, Biff F. / Respiratory acid-base disorders. Core Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance. Springer US, 2013. pp. 297-306
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