The lungs serve to defend pH by altering alveolar ventilation which serves to control the pCO<inf>2</inf> of body fluids. Respiratory acidosis develops as a result of ineffective alveolar ventilation. Respiratory alkalosis results from hypocapnia and is defined by a PaCO<inf>2</inf> of less than 35 mmHg in the setting of alkalemia. An increase in alveolar ventilation relative to CO<inf>2</inf> production gives rise to respiratory alkalosis. The clinical disorders which lead to ineffective ventilation or excess ventilation are discussed in this chapter.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Core Concepts in the Disorders of Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Balance|
|Number of pages||10|
|ISBN (Print)||9781461437703, 1461437695, 9781461437697|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2013|
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