Response to atrial natriuretic peptide in dogs with acute selective intrahepatic hypertension

E. Maher, M. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Acute selective intrahepatic hypertension (IHH) is associated with the renal tubular retention of sodium in volume expanded dogs. To determine if acute selective IHH per se, without volume loading or ascites sequestration, would blunt the natriuretic response to i.v. infusions of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), 175 ng/kg/min of the 1-28 rat peptide was infused into 6 hydropaenic dogs where intrahepatic hydrostatic pressures were normal, and again, following the portal infusion of histamine, a maneuver known to selectively increase postsinusoidal resistance, within the hepatic microcirculation and so raise intrahepatic sinusoidal pressure. In 6 healthy dogs, while histamine 4.0 μg/min free base on average was being infused into a femoral vein, the infusion of ANP increased sodium excretion by 168 μEq/min, compared to 160 μEq/min when the same dose of histamine was being infused into the portal vein (portal pressure increased by 46% or 6 cm H2O). These changes in sodium excretion were not significantly different. Urine flow rate increased by 1.5 ml/min in the control phase and by 1.4 ml/min during intrahepatic hypertension (NS). Although the ANP infusion did not alter GFR or C(PAH) during the control phase, during IHH, ANP caused GFR to rise significantly by 20%, while there was no change to C(PAH). Despite the increment in GFR, the natriuretic response during IHH was not different from that observed during the control phase of the study. We conclude that acute IHH per se does not blunt the renal tubular natriuretic response to ANP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-240
Number of pages10
JournalArchives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie
Volume300
StatePublished - 1989

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Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Dogs
Hypertension
Histamine
Sodium
Kidney
Portal Pressure
Hydrostatic Pressure
Femoral Vein
Microcirculation
Portal Vein
Ascites
Urine
Pressure
Peptides
Liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Response to atrial natriuretic peptide in dogs with acute selective intrahepatic hypertension",
abstract = "Acute selective intrahepatic hypertension (IHH) is associated with the renal tubular retention of sodium in volume expanded dogs. To determine if acute selective IHH per se, without volume loading or ascites sequestration, would blunt the natriuretic response to i.v. infusions of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), 175 ng/kg/min of the 1-28 rat peptide was infused into 6 hydropaenic dogs where intrahepatic hydrostatic pressures were normal, and again, following the portal infusion of histamine, a maneuver known to selectively increase postsinusoidal resistance, within the hepatic microcirculation and so raise intrahepatic sinusoidal pressure. In 6 healthy dogs, while histamine 4.0 μg/min free base on average was being infused into a femoral vein, the infusion of ANP increased sodium excretion by 168 μEq/min, compared to 160 μEq/min when the same dose of histamine was being infused into the portal vein (portal pressure increased by 46{\%} or 6 cm H2O). These changes in sodium excretion were not significantly different. Urine flow rate increased by 1.5 ml/min in the control phase and by 1.4 ml/min during intrahepatic hypertension (NS). Although the ANP infusion did not alter GFR or C(PAH) during the control phase, during IHH, ANP caused GFR to rise significantly by 20{\%}, while there was no change to C(PAH). Despite the increment in GFR, the natriuretic response during IHH was not different from that observed during the control phase of the study. We conclude that acute IHH per se does not blunt the renal tubular natriuretic response to ANP.",
author = "E. Maher and M. Levy",
year = "1989",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "300",
pages = "231--240",
journal = "Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Response to atrial natriuretic peptide in dogs with acute selective intrahepatic hypertension

AU - Maher, E.

AU - Levy, M.

PY - 1989

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