Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the fibrinolytic cascade: conversion of plasminogen to plasmin. Plasma contains several inhibitors of t-PA that limit its activity and prevent systemic activation of plasminogen. The most important of these is endothelial cell plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), a member of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) gene family. We have previously demonstrated that mutation of arginine 304 of t-PA to a glutamic acid residue drastically reduces the rate of interaction between the enzyme and its suicide substrate, PAI-1, without affecting the reactivity of the enzyme toward its normal substrate, plasminogen (Madison, E.L., Goldsmith, E.J., Gerard, R.D., Gething, M.J., and Sambrook, J.F. (1989) Nature 339, 721-724). We report here the use of protein modeling to design a compensatory mutation in PAI-1 (glutamic acid 350 to arginine) and create a molecule that rapidly inhibits this 'serpin-resistant', variant of t-PA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology