Rett-causing mutations reveal two domains critical for MeCP2 function and for toxicity in MECP2 duplication syndrome mice

Laura Dean Heckman, Maria H. Chahrour, Huda Y. Zoghbi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Loss of function of the X-linked gene encoding methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) causes the progressive neurological disorder Rett syndrome (RTT). Conversely, duplication or triplication of Xq28 causes an equally wide-ranging progressive neurological disorder, MECP2 duplication syndrome, whose features overlap somewhat with RTT. To understand which MeCP2 functions cause toxicity in the duplication syndrome, we generated mouse models expressing endogenous Mecp2 along with a RTT-causing mutation in either the methyl-CpG binding domain (MBD) or the transcriptional repression domain (TRD). We determined that both the MBD and TRD must function for doubling MeCP2 to be toxic. Mutating the MBD reproduces the null phenotype and expressing the TRD mutant produces milder RTT phenotypes, yet both mutations are harmless when expressed with endogenous Mecp2. Surprisingly, mutating the TRD is more detrimental than deleting the entire C-terminus, indicating a dominant-negative effect on MeCP2 function, likely due to the disruption of a basic cluster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere02676
JournaleLife
Volume2014
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2014

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Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2
Rett Syndrome
Toxicity
Mutation
Nervous System Diseases
Phenotype
X-Linked Genes
Gene encoding
Poisons
MBD2 protein
Lubs X-linked mental retardation syndrome
Methyl CpG Binding Domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Rett-causing mutations reveal two domains critical for MeCP2 function and for toxicity in MECP2 duplication syndrome mice. / Heckman, Laura Dean; Chahrour, Maria H.; Zoghbi, Huda Y.

In: eLife, Vol. 2014, No. 3, e02676, 26.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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