Return of spontaneous circulation with a compression: ventilation ratio of 15:2 versus 3:1 in newborn pigs with cardiac arrest due to asphyxia

Anne L. Solevåg, Ingrid Dannevig, Myra Wyckoff, Ola D. Saugstad, Britt Nakstad

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Abstract

Objective: International guidelines recommend a compression to ventilation (C:V) ratio of 3:1 in neonates, and 15:2 for other paediatric age groups. The authors aimed to compare these two C:V ratios in a neonatal swine model of cardiac arrest following asphyxia. Design: Experimental animal study. Setting: Facility for animal research. Subjects: 22 newborn pigs (age 12-36 h, weight 2.0-2.7 kg). Interventions: Progressive asphyxia until asystole. Animals were randomised to receive C:V 3:1 (n=11) or 15:2 (n=11). Main outcome measures: Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was defined as a heart rate ≥100 bpm. Also of interest were haemodynamic parameters, cerebral and systemic oxygen saturation and the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Results: Two animals in each group did not achieve ROSC. Mean (SD) increase in diastolic blood pressure (DBP; mm Hg) during compression cycles was significantly higher at a C:V ratio of 15:2 than 3:1 (7.1 (2.8) vs 4.8 (2.6)). Median time (IQR) to ROSC for the 3:1 group was 150 (140-180) s, and 195 (145-358) s for the 15:2 group. There were no significant differences in the temporal changes in haemodynamic parameters or oxygen saturation indices between the groups. IL-1βlevels in cerebrospinal and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was comparable between the groups. Conclusion: In neonatal pigs with asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest, the response to a C:V ratio of 15:2 is not better than the response to a C:V ratio of 3:1 despite better generation of DBP during resuscitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Volume96
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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