Purpose: To review the relevant literature of acute kidney injury (AKI) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) as it relates to pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Methods: Available online relevant literature. Results: ECMO is a therapeutic modality utilized to support patients with refractory respiratory and/or cardiac failure. AKI and fluid overload (FO) are frequently observed in this patient population. There are multiple modalities that can be utilized for AKI and FO which include the following: diuretics, in-line hemofiltration, and CRRT. There are multiple considerations when using CRRT with ECMO including access, CRRT flows, hemolysis, anticoagulation, and CRRT termination. Conclusion: While each ECMO center has its own set of equipment, experiences, and practices, it is imperative that the international ECMO community continues to work together to provide an evidence-based approach to address the morbidity and mortality associated with AKI and FO.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2020|
- Fluid overload
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine