Acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a manifestation of an underlying severe illness that commonly involves other organ systems. Pulmonary, cardiac, and hepatic failures are the most prevalent. This article provides a simplified review of the technical aspects of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary and liver support devices used in the adult ICU patient, as well as a summary of the most relevant and up-to-date clinical evidence that supports their use.
- Continuous renal replacement therapy
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
- Molecular adsorbent recirculation support
- Prometheus liver support device
- Selective cytopheretic device
- Single pass albumin dialysis
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